Why do my gums bleed when I brush my teeth and how do I fix it?

You’re brushing your teeth and look down at the brush. Yes, there’s definitely red on those bristles – and your toothpaste is not red. That means that your gums are bleeding again. Why is that? Here are several reasons why and what you can do to prevent it from happening again.

Irregular Teeth Brushing

This is a big reason for the bleeding gums. If you don’t brush your teeth every day, that can create a lot of bacteria that will then inflame your gums and make them bleed on contact when you do touch them with a toothbrush. It can also make for very uncomfortable dentist visits and cleaningings, while giving you a very good chance of getting gum disease that can quickly lead to worse scenarios. Brush at least twice a day.

Vitamin Deficiency

Yes, this can play a big part in the health of your gums. While many of us are able to get a lot of Vitamin C to ward off things like scurvy, there can still be deficiencies. There are some people who have a sugar-heavy diet, which can cause gum problems. Also, eating a lot of carbohydrates can also be problematic. Incorporate healthier foods into your diet, like vegetables. Your gums will thank you. If you do want to have a sugary snack, just brush afterwards so that your gums aren’t affected.

Bad Brushing Technique

You might be brushing your teeth a lot but you’re still seeing bleeding gums. That could be because you’re being too hard on your teeth and gums by brushing too hard. Yes, it could get rid of plaque, but it also can wear down gums and also tooth enamel. Having your gums constantly under assault by this too-hard technique will cause more bleeding. So… take a step back. Get a soft-bristled toothbrush… or even get an electric one. The great thing about the electric toothbrush is that it removes a good amount of the work for you – you merely have to move the brush from tooth to tooth and the spinning bristles will remove the plaque and food particles for you.

Bad Flossing Technique

The same thing could be said of the way you floss. Don’t be too rough on your teeth. Yes, you want to get everything out but if you tug on the floss like you’re playing a game of tug-of-war, that’s going to cause a lot of trauma and it’ll keep the gums from ever healing. Be thorough, but be gentle too when going from tooth to tooth. You can still get everything but it might take a few more seconds. Your gums will thank you.


The miracle of life can be pretty tough on a woman’s gums, since the change in hormones can play havoc with her. A mommy-to-be can get what’s known as pregnancy gingivitis because her body responds differently to the bacteria in her mouth. Once her baby is born, things tend to clear up, but she needs to have a check-up to make sure everything is fine.

Whatever the cause of the bleeding gums, Dr. Robert Trager, JFK and LaGuardia dentist,  can help with fixing it to make sure that it doesn’t happen again. Healthy gums are important.